I want to start out today’s
lesson with a question. How would you complete
this sentence? What? What word would you use
to complete this sentence? It’s been a really [inaudible] day.
Just one problem after another. You may have used a variety of adjectives. You could have said it’s
been a really rough day, or perhaps you said it’s been a bad day
or a difficult day, or even a tough day. These are all adjectives that we can
use with the word day and they are frequently used together
because they are collocations. And that’s what I want to talk to you
about today in order to help you build, develop and grow your vocabulary. Hey everyone. My name is Wes.
This is interactive English, which is all about helping you practice
and improve your English skills. And today I want to help you build
your vocabulary because it’s just so important when it comes
to your English fluency. And the secret that I’m going to
share with you today is collocations. And I don’t know why I’m whispering
because it’s really just the two of us. So I am going to teach you some different
collocations which are words that are frequently used together. And this is a wonderful way to
build and improve your vocabulary. But before we jump into the lesson, I want to talk to you about a great
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to get your 10 year old discount. So let’s go back to that first sentence
and the adjective that I want to use is rough. A rough day. It was just difficult. We’ve actually had a bit of a rough day. We just returned from a trip and
the airline destroyed our stroller. That that’s a true story, but I don’t
want, I don’t want to make this about me. I want to make it more about you
and building your vocabulary. Now, not all words that are frequently used
together have to be adjectives and nouns. You can have verb, Noun, collocations.
You can even have noun, Noun, collocations, but, but these that I’m
going to use with rough are all adjective. Noun collocations. For example, the next one that I want to talk
to you about is a rough draft. If somebody says that
they’ve done a rough draft, it means that they have done
some work, but it is incomplete. They’ve only started the process and
you could say it was a rough draft. Often it’s used when talking
about something that you’re
writing and the writing is not finished, the paper, the essay,
whatever it is, you might just say, well, I’ve only done a rough draft. You can also use this
adjective with estimate and
somebody might ask for a rough estimate, which is an approximation.
And I think about numbers. Somebody’s asking for some kind of value. Perhaps you’re having car troubles and
you take it to the mechanic and you want to know how much it’s going to cost.
You might ask them for a rough estimate. They might not know exactly
how much it’s going to cost, but they perhaps could give you a rough
estimate and approximation so that you know well, whether you want to fix your
car or, or just leave it the way it is. You may also hear this adjective
with the Noun, neighborhood, rough neighborhood, and I say that, I don’t know why I’m saying that in
a very cheerful way because if you’re talking about a rough neighborhood,
it’s kind of a dangerous neighborhood. Perhaps a, you know, there’s a lot
of crime there. It’s not very safe. And you might describe this area
and say, yeah, you know, it’s, it’s a bit of a rough neighborhood.
Often I think people use it. Maybe when they’re talking about their
past, they’re telling us stories, Eh, you know, I grew up in a
really rough neighborhood, or I used to live in a rough
neighborhood and it was a bit dangerous. But yeah, that’s where,
that’s where they were living. It was a rough neighborhood. Now I want
you to try and complete this sentence. All right. I hope you didn’t think I was just going
to tell you all of these collocations I want you to try and work for it. Just
kind of quiz yourself a little bit. Which of those words would
you use to complete it? We’ll give it a mm of paint and then
it’s finished. What do you think? I hope you said B, touch a touch of paint. This is the next set of collocations that
I want to teach you and that is those with touch. So this is a
noun, noun, collocation. If you’re talking about
a touch of something, you’re talking about a
slight amount. For example, a touch of paint, a
slight amount of paint, or perhaps you could say that
that you have a touch of the flu, you feeling a little bit sick and you
might tell somebody, yeah, you know, I think I got to touch
with the flu right now. We also frequently use touch with several
different adjectives. For example, finishing touch, and this is talking about small
details at the end of something. Maybe you want to put the finishing
touches on something that you’re creating. You’re just adding those small details. We can also say that that something
is a nice touch and in this case we’re talking about something that makes
another thing better. For example, maybe you are painting a
picture and somebody suggests, oh maybe you should put this down there
in the corner and you think, yeah, okay, that’s a nice touch. It
makes the painting better. If we’re talking about a person and
we say that someone has a nice touch. In this case we’re saying that they
do something very well. For example, maybe there there’s a basketball player
and he or she shoots the ball very well and you say, wow, you know this person,
they just have a really nice touch. They’re a great shooter. So in that case, I think it’s commonly used when talking
about sports and athletics and you want to say that, that
somebody has a nice touch. A person may also have a soft
touch. And in this case we’re, we’re just saying that something is
delicate that that it’s very nice. It’s comforting that that
somebody has a soft touch. I don’t know if I would describe myself
and say that I have a soft touch, but perhaps you do. I don’t know. Now look at this sentence and tell me
which word best completes it someday. I hope to a world record. I
hope that you chose c break, break a record someday. I
hope to break a world record. I don’t think I am going to do it,
but, but maybe you will. I don’t know. But let’s talk about some collocations
with break. And these are all verb noun, collocation. So to break a record, this just means to do something better
than anybody else. You break a record. There is also an expression
that’s pretty common. You might tell somebody to break a
leg and if you tell somebody, hey, break a leg, then you’re just
wishing them luck. It’s actually, this is an informal expression that
somebody is getting ready to do something. Perhaps they have a performance or they’re
going to do a show and you say, hey, you know, good luck. Break a leg. You can also break a
promise which is not good. This just means that you don’t do what
you say. You will do break a promise. You frequently hear that one
or you can break the ice. This is another idiom which means that
you are trying to start a conversation between strangers or you’re trying to
make a tent situation a little less tense. For me, I often think of a classroom because
the very first time that I have a class with students, I will try to break the ice and we
will do different activities so that everybody gets to know each other
a little better. To break the ice, then you can break the law. This is
something else that you can break. It’s not good because if you
break the law then it is illegal. You shouldn’t do it. I hope
that you don’t break the law. Here is your next question and this time
I’m not going to give you any options. I want you to tell me which verb do
you think best completes the sentence. I need you to do me. All right. I’m sorry. I just told you the answer. I need
you to do me a huge favor. All right. I apologize. We’re
talking about verb noun. Collocations using do, do someone a favor and if you do
someone a favor then you are just doing something for that person in
order to help them do a favor. People may also have to do housework, which are the things you
have to do around the home. You may have to do
laundry or do the dishes. There’s a lot of different housework
that that people just have to do. You may also hear somebody like
me tell you to do your best. If you haven’t known any of the answers
to these questions, that’s okay. I want you to keep participating. I want you to keep watching and learning
with us because I just want you to do your best and if you do your best then
then you are going to learn and build your vocabulary and that is the most
important thing of all. Just do your best. Another do collocation is to do
harm and in this case you are well, it’s just not something good. You
don’t want to do harm to others. You also don’t want to
do harm to yourself. There are so many different complications
with do and they are so important because we use them all the time.
Here’s another sentence for you. I spend too much editing these
videos and this is quite true. I do spend too much editing these videos.
I almost said the answer right then, but I didn’t. But I hope you’ve said time. I spend too much time editing
these videos so you can spend time. This is a common verb. Noun collocation and I want to talk to
you about some other collocations with time. So not only can you spend
time, you can also waste time, in which case you are not
using your time wisely. I hope that you don’t waste time and
you’re certainly not wasting your time learning these different complications
and building your vocabulary. You can also kill time, which means that you are just doing
something unimportant while you wait for something else to happen. So you can kill time
walking around a mall, you can kill some time watching TV
and until something else happens, you’re just going to do something
unimportant and kill time. There’s another collocation that’s pretty
similar to kill time and that is past the time you do something to pass
the time. And in this case you again, you are doing some activity.
It’s not super important. I like to read books to pass the time
that you are just trying to occupy your time by doing something and
you’re trying to pass the time. Then there’s an expression that
I just wanted to throw in there, but it is frequently used and
that is to say right time. If someone is right on time, then then they are there right
when they should be right on time. I try to be right on time, but mo,
most of the time it doesn’t happen. I always do my best to be right on time,
but especially if I’m having a bad day, not going to be right on time and
I hope you hope you recognize these collocations that that I continue to use. Let’s look at this sentence right here.
We’re not going to go much farther. The car is about two mm of gas.
What do you think? This is a verb. Noun, collocation and actually it is a phrasal
verb that is a hint for you and I hope that you said run out, run out of gas. I want to talk about some collocations
with run out. You run out of something, so if something like
a car runs out of gas, then it just means that
there’s none left. It runs out. Now the way that we use this phrasal
verb, the meaning can change a little bit. For example, if we use it in the present continuous
and we say that we are running out of something, then it just means
that there is a little bit left. There’s still some left, but it’s,
it’s about to be gone very quickly. If we use it in the past tense and
we say that we ran out of something, then it just means that that
there’s none left that that’s it. So if a car is running out of gas,
there’s still a little bit left. If it ran out of gas
then then there’s none. You can also run out of patients,
which is another common collocation. And I think in this case people may tend
to give you a little bit of a warning and they may say, you know, be careful,
hey, I’m running out of patients, I’m starting to run out of patients.
There’s just a little bit left, so, so be careful. And if somebody has
already ran out of patients, then yeah, they’re, they’re going to
be pretty upset with you. There are many different
things that you can run out of. You can run out of time, you can run out of money and the worst
of all you can run out of coffee. I hate it when that happens because
in the morning I need my coffee. Here is another sentence
for you and, and this is, this is a little bit of a bigger
sentence and all of those blanks. It’s the same word you
shouldn’t be wasting. Instead you should invest your [inaudible]
or you can donate to your favorite charity. Which word am I talking about? I hope that you can take a quick look
at this and know that I am talking about money collocations with money. These are all verb noun
collocations so you can waste money, which means that you are spending money
in a carefree and careless way and you are just wasting it on things
that you probably don’t need. You can also invest money. You can
buy stocks or maybe even buy a home. Those are good ways to invest money or
if you’re feeling very charitable you can donate money. You can give
money to your favorite cause, your favorite charity
and donate your money. Some more complications with
money include save money. I think it’s always a good idea to save
money because you never know when you’re going to need it and along those lines
you can also set aside some money and this just means that you, you have some money you you’re not going
to spend it because you might need it for something important. We can also
add to it to create the expression. Set aside some money for a rainy day
that you have this money for a time when you absolutely need it. You set
aside some money for a rainy day. We always tried to save money. That’s very important to us and
we also like to donate money when, when we can and we always, we try not to waste money because if we
do that then we’re going to run out of money and there’s a very quick
review, a quick money review for you. Now I want you to do me a favor and help
put the finishing touch on this lesson and all you have to do
is hit that like button. If you enjoy learning these different
collocations and building your vocabulary, do you promise you promise
that you’re going to do that? I really hope that you’re not going to
break your promise because that’s going to make me sad and I could
have a pretty rough day. Okay, so we finished right on time and
I’m not even wearing a watch, but I’m going to end the lesson there
before you run out of patience and notice all of the collocations that I’m
using just to give you a quick review. But they are so important when it
comes to building your vocabulary. They’re very, very useful. Not a waste
of time. Okay? All right. That’s it. That’s it. I’m gonna.
I’m gonna end it there. Thank you guys so much for
watching. I will see you next time.