Welcome to episode nine of the Bitwig Studio Basics
Series. Today we are going to take a look at the Drum
Machine of Bitwig Studio. We are going to look at the routing, multi
outputs and how you can get groove and shuffle into your beats. My name is Mattias, this is Morningdew Media
and LET’S TAKE THE TOUR! Ok, the drum machine of Bitwig Studio. There have been many questions on how you
do the routing for multi outputs etc. with the Drum Machine. So let’s just get our container here, the
drum machine. Ok, so here we have an empty Drum Machine
it contains slots. You can see here C1, C#1, D2 etc. So we can fill that with some samples to begin
with. But first if we look at the mixer by pressing
TAB you can see that we only have one track here. It doesn’t show us any outputs for the individual
slots. But if we start to add samples to this drum
machine something magical will happen. Yeah, we can take that as our snare. Then find some good kick in here. I’m using samples from the PEP Kit #1, they
are also included with the Producer Essentials Kit Vol #1 for Bitwig Studio. There’s a link here in the description if
you want to check out this sound pack for Bitwig Studio. Yeah, let’s take that hard kick for our C1
slot. Now we have one kick and one snare. And now if you look at the mixer here you
can see that we have two small arrows pointing down here. And that’s actually the icon for multi outputs
so if we press that icon, it will bring up the individual outputs for our kick and our
snare. You can also see this line above here, the
green line above here that says that all these channels are contained within this drum machine. So that’s a good way to see how things are
routed. Because if we add, say an organ here. You can see that it has it’s own colour at
the top here. So these are all sub groups of our drum machine. Let’s add some more samples to this kit. Maybe a little clap. And yeah, we need a…some kind of cymbal. A little bit of extra percussion. And we need some hi-hat. And a drop of course if we want some…(future
bass sounds). Yeah, we can add some guitar slaps. And as I drag samples here they will create
a sampler within each slot in this drum machine. Now if we expand the multi outputs of this
drum machine you can see that we have all these individual slots as individual outputs! Ok so let’s finish this up with some hi-hats. Here we have a closed hi-hat. We can actually make it a little bit shorter. Something like that! Let’s add an open hi-hat too! And increase the length! Now if we want to create choking groups because
you probably want that open hi-hat to be closed when you first play the open and then play
a closed hi-hat. Like on a real drum kit. So what you do here is you press this closed
hi-hat slot and right click, and select Choke targets. And we will select the open hi-hat. That means that if we play, it will choke
the open hi-hat. Ok, so let’s press TAB to go back to our arrangement
view and let’s build a little pattern. [Programming some kicks, snares and hi-hats.] Just going for a simple beat here. I have tempo at 95 bpm. We will include some hi-hats and… yeah just
double this up. I can select a part here, and here we have
region select and you can press CMD+D to duplicate that region. Yeah, so that’s pretty straightforward little
loop…maybe an open hi-hat here!? [Adding some more drums and percussion.] I’m just programming a little beat so we have
something to work with. But we probably want to have some groove into
this beat, but how do we do that? Well, if we press this midi part and press
the shuffle (in the information panel). Still we don’t hear any shuffle, but that’s
because we have to activate the global shuffle. Press this Play button here and here we have
the Groove and Enable Groove. Here we can also adjust the shuffle amount. So let’s play this beat and listen. We need to increase the release and decay of
this cymbal. [Shuffle beat.] Maybe we can do a little bit of fun with the
hi-hats here in this part. Something like this. [Drop sound.] [Sample Pitch Keytracking.] And if you wonder why a sample is triggered at
a maybe lower pitch or something it might be that this Toggle Keytracking button is
activated. Because that will set the sample to the key
that you press. But if you want it to be the raw pitch of
the actual sample you have to disable this key-tracking. So now I can drag down the pitch again. [More beat programming.] Ok, so that’s…now we have looked at the
multi output and how you can add samples to the slots. How about mixing this beat and adding some
effects to our drum machine!? Well, like in all the good old DAWs you usually
go to your mixer here and start to add effects and stuff. But I rather work in this arrangement view
and the device view. Because as you can see if we press a kick
we bring up the sample of this kick slot. And we can also add effects at this level. Let’s go to the snare here, and maybe add
some reverb to this snare. Let’s use the Valhalla Room. [Big room reverb on snare.] [Lighter room reverb on snare… ;]
Now if you go back to mixer you can see that we have successfully added the Valhalla reverb
to this snare. But keep in mind that, if you add the reverbs
to the FX slot of this sampler device. Look at what happens here in this snare track
(mixer view). If we move the reverb and drag it into the
sampler FX slot, it disappears from this track view channel (mixer view). And that’s because the reverb now resides
within the actual sampler. So keep that in mind if you want to be able
to edit your effects within the mixer also. So keep the sampler effects at the slot view
so they are contained within this blue line rather than within this FX-slot. That makes it easier if you want to go ahead
and work like “the old ways” with the mixer. So that is something to keep in mind while
working with the drum machine. Ok, so let’s continue and add some mixing
to this drum track. If we press track level here we will be at
this summed level of the whole kit (info panel). So here we can just maybe add some compressor
to add a little bit of grit. So we can add some compression here. [Heavy compressed drums.] So what I want to do is add a little bit of
parallell compression to this drum kit. It’s very easy in Bitwig Studio. Just press the plus-sign and add a container,
the Chain Container Device. Because the Chain container has a mix knob,
so you can control the amount of this effect that’s in this chain…this container. So now I’ve added this very deep / hard compression. Now we can dial it back at notch and apply
a little bit of that compression. A little bit too much. And then we probably also want a peak limiter
at the end of this chain to see where we have the top peaks of the kit. Seems fine! [Adding a bit of gain to the drums with the
limiter.] Then I usually add an EQ before the compressors
actually to get rid of the absolute lows. Because we probably want to add some 808 bass
under this beat. And maybe a little bit of hi-pass filter. Let’s add some reverb to this… doumbe sample…it
sounds like it’s some kind of side stick of a tom. [Adjusting reverb on a sample.] Maybe add a little bit of delay to that too!? Go to the Delay-2. And you can also solo, if you only want to
hear one of these drum slots. Let’s go the mixer here and see, yeah, we
have the delay-2 and the room reverb and our master chain for this drum machine bus. Maybe add a little bit of filter here to the
master bus. So we can do some hi-pass and lo-pass. [Filter sweeping the drum beat for some fun
DJ effects.] Yeah so that’s how you work with the drum
machine within Bitwig Studio. Please shoot me any comments or questions
on the drum machine in the comments section below. All the samples used in this video are from
the Producer Essentials Pack and the PEP Kit #1. Please subscribe, like if you like, and write
some kind feedback in the comments section below. My name is Mattias and see you in the next
video. Bye! [Acapella: Mattias Holmgren – Give it a little
time.]