The carbon emissions of aviation might
still seem small in terms of the overall emissions. But the fact is that
it’s growing very fast, it’s really difficult to decarbonize, and at the same
time it’s only a very small part of the global population that is flying. Just three percent of all the people in the world flew in 2017. When we talk about degrowth at the general level we first and foremost mean degrowth of specific activities that are most
damaging and that are also least beneficial for the majority of people on
planet Earth. So an activity that is damaging the planet is growing its
damage and is just benefiting a small fraction of us, just three percent of us,
is a prime target for thinking of how we could sustainably reduce this activity.
By sustainably reducing I don’t mean just technological solutions of cleaner
fuels or more efficient airplanes because the more efficient airplanes we
use, the more we’re gonna fly and the more kilometers we’re gonna fly and
the more people are gonna fly. So the real question is how can we fly less? And how can we do that in a way that is not unfair for those who fly the least? The Frequent Flyer Levy aims at taxing frequent fliers progressively and this money could then be used to make climate
friendly forms of transportation, such as trains, affordable for all. Changes in institutional travel policies are important because it’s a quick way for
institutions to reduce their environmental impact and it’s a
bottom-up approach which many institutions and also employees of
institutions are willing to implement. Because of the environmental impacts
both on a global and a local scale as well as the social impacts as a result
of mass tourism within a city, we think it’s very important to discuss ways to
reduce the massive influx of tourists.