Hi there smart drivers, Rick with Smart
Drive Test talking today about road signs and the major classifications of
road signs. The three ways that road signs convey information are 1) shape, 2) the colors, and 3) the text or symbols that are on the road signs. These are the three ways that road signs
convey information to road users. Today we’re going to talk to you about the
major classifications of road signs and this will introduce the road sign
playlist here on Smart Drive Test. We’ll be right back to talk to you about that. [OPENING CREDITS & MUSIC] Hi there smart drivers, Rick with Smart Drive Test – welcome back. Talking to you today about the major classifications of road signs. First and foremost are the most prominent are regulatory signs. The root word of regulatory is regulation. Regulation
means law and if it is the law you must obey that sign. And the major regulatory
signs are STOP signs, yield signs, railway crossing signs, and speed signs, which are
the rectangular signs with a black border, white background and black text
or symbols. These are all regulatory signs and must be obeyed. And drivers
must have a knowledge of these for the purposes of road test to be successful –
either on a learner’s or on an and on-road road test. First and foremost, STOP signs are
octagon—eight-sided—very prominent. They have a white border, they’re red backgrounds and the letters
STOP written in white on them. If you’re on a native reserve they might
be in the language of the native reserve on which you’re on or if you’re in
Quebec they’ll be in French: Arrêt, which means to stop, as you can see here in the
image. The next regulatory sign is the yield sign, which is an upside down
triangle. It has a wide red border with a triangle-a smaller white triangle-in the center. The yield sign indicates to the driver that
they must give the right of way to traffic on the road which they’re entering or to any
pedestrian traffic or other road users. The next regulatory sign is rectangular in
shape with a black border and a white background – mostly speed signs, but slower traffic
move to the right. For those of you traveling less than the
traffic flow and are traveling in the hammer lane it indicates to you— yes you—that you should move over to the
right lane, which is considered the slow lane so other people can pass. The next
regulatory sign is the railway crossing. In most provinces in Canada and in the
United States, they are beginning to standardize this. It is an ‘X’ with a red
border and white background. It indicates a railway crossing. If you’re driving a
larger class vehicle, such as a bus you may have to stop. If you’re driving a truck hauling dangerous
goods, you may also have to stop before proceeding across the railway crossing. If you’re taking a road test in a manual
transmission, no shifting over railway tracks for the purposes of a road test.
The next sign as you can see here is the school sign. It is a pentagon and looks like a house with five sides. Most of these are going to neon green
and they are beginning to standardize these, however some of them can be blue
or they could be green indicating a school zone. If you’re in a school zone in Canada you
have to drive 30 kilometers an hour; if you’re working in the States and they
have a school zone it will be 20 miles per hour. In British Columbia, for example,
they don’t have a sign indicating the end of the school zone. So when you’re
driving through the school zone you have to look for the sign on the other side
of the road and see the back of that sign. It’s a pentagon in shape and you’ll be
able to know that you’re at the end of the school zone and that you can resume
speed after that sign. Do not speed in a school zone if school
is in session – that’s an automatic fail on a road test.
Next most common sign – cautionary or advisory signs. They are usually diamond
shape, however they can be rectangular. They have a yellow background and the
writing on them is black or the symbols are black on the cautionary or advisory
sign. One of the most common signs is the hazard obstruction sign, which is
rectangular and has the hash marks on it to the left and right. And there’s a full
video. I’ll put a card up here for you about the hazard obstruction signs
that will warn you of hazards and obstructions on the roadway and on which
side to pass or whether you can pass on either the right or the left. Next signs
on a roadway, which are the most important—especially now in the
summertime—construction season. These are usually diamond shape – they have an orange
background with black lettering or symbols on them, which wich tell you of
construction zones. Many of these construction zones have
reduced road speeds, so take note if there’s a reduced road speed, especially
if you’re on a road test. Again if you speed through a construction zone –
automatic fail. As well, construction signs warn you of workers on the roadway
and equipment so make sure you’re on the lookout for roadway workers and
construction equipment in and around construction zones. The
next one is lane usage as you can see here. It is rectangular, black background, white
border. The arrows on them indicate which lane you’re going to be in and what that
lane is going to do, whether it’s going to turn left or right. Usually these lane marking signs are overhead of the lane and they are in conjunction with
road markings of the same arrow that is on the sign will also be painted on the
road surface. So have a look. Sometimes the road markings are a little
hard to find in the spring because they’ve been worn out by snow plowing
action & traffic and whatnot. Services signs are rectangular, blue with a white
background and lettering or symbols are white on them. These usually indicate
hospitals or other services. Hospitals are the most prominent as you can see here
in the image. Action permitted: rectangular in shape with the green
circle. Whatever action is permitted – turning to
the left, turning to the right, stopping, those types of things will be with an
action permitted. Some provinces use these as opposed to the inverse,
which is “action not permitted”, as you can see here, which is the same rectangular
sign with a white background. Except it has a red circle with a line
through it which tells you that there’s no stopping, no parking – whatever action is not permitted in the
not permitted sign. You will be tested about the signs on the learner’s test, so make sure you know action is
permitted and actions not permitted. The last sign category is the services sign
or the destination sign. It is usually green with white lettering on them & will tell
you how far you are from a destination. For example, if you’re in Kitchener,
Ontario and traveling to Toronto, it will tell you the distance from where you’re
at to Toronto and how far it is. So if it’s a hundred and ten kilometers to
Toronto from Kitchener and you’re traveling at a hundred and twenty
kilometers an hour, which is the speed limit on the 401, you know that it’s going to take an hour
to get there. So it can also give you an ETA— an estimated time of arrival—if you pay
attention to these signs and how far you can travel in a set amount of time at a given speed. So destination signs, services the other sign here you can see is brown –
trapezoidal shaped in the United States these will give you forestry
information and provincial parks and whatnot. Some of these will be written on brown
signs – that’s the last classification. It’s not really a major classification
of signs, but just to give you some indication this sign will give you information about parks and forestry & those types of things. Those are the major classifications of
signs that you will need to know for the purposes of a road test. In conclusion, regulatory signs are the major classifications of signs. The root word of regulatory is regulation. It means the law & you must obey these
road signs. If you don’t obey these road signs on a road test you’re not going to be successful on a
road test. So know your regulatory signs: stop signs, yield signs, speed signs,
railway crossing signs, and school signs are all regulatory signs. The next one is lane usage signs. You can
see here it’s black with a white border. The arrows on it are white as well. Advisory and cautionary signs warn you of
hazards & obstructions on the roadway & anything else that you could potentially
run into – reduced speeds and those types of things are all cautionary or advisory signs. These are usually diamond shape, but can be rectangular, yellow with black
lettering or symbols on them. The construction sign is orange with black lettering or symbols.
Make sure you pay attention to construction signs. Most important on a
road test because oftentimes these construction zones have reduced speeds
and you must obey these reduced speeds. As well, in many States and many
provinces the reduce speeds, if you’re speeding in a construction zone the fines are doubled. So just keep
that in mind if you decide that you’re going to go too fast through a
construction zone. Finally destination signs are green with
white or lettering or symbols on them. Usually it’s lettering, which will tell
you how far you are from a town, city, or hamlet and you can figure out an ETA
from the destination sign. Services are usually blue, rectangular in shape,
telling you of hospitals and other services in the area. Forestry & parks
can be brown with white lettering on them and that’s the last classification. If you like what you see here share, subscribe, leave a comment down in
the comment section. All of that helps us out. As well, head over to my website & get
your free road test checklist to give you information about skills that you need
to practice for the purposes of a road test. Shoulder checking, stopping from
traffic, parallel parking, reversed stall parking – those types of
things. What you can do on road test day that you need to do to be successful. The
paperwork that you need to bring into the licensing center so that you would
be able to take your road test and prove your identity. Doing a pre-trip on your
vehicle to make sure that it is safe for the purposes of the road test because if
you have a signal out or a seat belt that’s not working or whatnot and authorities do their pre- trip, as they do on every vehicle before
they go out for a road test, if something is not working you’re not
going to be able to go into road test. So make sure you do a pre-trip before you
show up at the licensing center. As well, there are some other tips and techniques
that you can employ to try and reduce your own nerves and calm yourself down a
little bit to make sure that you’re going to be successful on your road test. So head over to my website – get the check
list. You can click here and that’ll take you over to my website and you can sign
up and get that checklist. I’m Rick with Smart Drive Test – thanks
very much for watching. Remember, pick the best answer not necessarily the right
answer. Have a great day! Bye now! [CLOSING CREDITS, MUSIC & BLOOPERS] So…after the…. just leave it at that….